Endometriosis is a condition where the inside lining of the uterus (endometrium) somehow finds its way outside the uterus. These deposit(s) are usually located in (and confined to) the pelvic area ~ with the most common sites being the ovaries; anterior and posterior cul-de-sac; posterior broad ligaments; uterosacral ligaments; uterus; fallopian tubes; sigmoid colon; appendix; and round ligaments. But it can appear nearly anywhere in the body.
Medically, we know that endometriosis occurs mainly during the active reproductive period; rarely before the first period or among post-menopausal women; most often in females aged 25 to 35 years; and that the optimal way to diagnose it is by direct visualisation of the deposit(s) at laparoscopy ~ or occasionally with the aid of ultrasound.
We’re also well aware that the most common symptoms are pain with periods or at ovulation; and that it can also be a contributing cause of infertility; pain with intercourse; cyclical bowel or bladder problems; abnormal menstrual bleeding; and chronic fatigue.
As yet, however, no single theory fully explains why endometriosis occurs. But for those who suffer from it, this is not the end of the world.
There are a variety of medical or surgical treatment options for women with endometriosis ~ and those adopted will be directly influenced by the individual symptoms and needs of each patient. It should be noted, however, that whilst there are many drugs that can be used, surgery that removes all endometriosis currently remains the best form of treatment.